In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful
How different sects in Islaam are given their names
By Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan may Allah preserve him
The shaykh mentions this point of benefit in his book “’Aqeedatul Tawheed” under the first chapter:
The Sharee’ah comprises of two affairs:
1. Affairs regarding belief
This is not connected to how a deed is performed. (It relates) to the belief of the Lordship of Allah and the obligation of His worship, belief in the articles of faith, etc.
It is also known as the foundation ( أصلية) of the two.
2. Affairs regarding action
This is connected to how a deed is performed. For example prayer, zakaah, fasting, and the rest of the rulings pertaining to deeds.
It is also known as the branches ( فرعية) because it is built upon the foundation.
If the foundation is correct then the branches will be correct, and if the foundation is corrupt the branches will be corrupt.
Translated by: Michael AbdusSalaam Deonarain
الفقير الى الله