Allah’s name ar-Razzaaq and ar-Raaziq الرزاق, الرازق -Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq

In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful

Allah’s name ar-Razzaaq and ar-Raaziq الرزاق, الرازق

By Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq ibn Abdil-Muhsin al-Badr may Allah preserve him

The shaykh explains this beautiful name in his book, “Fiqhul Asmaail Husnaa”. He says,

Allah’s Name, ar-Razzaaq (The All-Provider), is found in different places within the Noble Qur’an. Allah said,

“Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.” [Surah Dhariyaat: 58]

“And Allah is the Best of providers. [Surah Jumu’ah: 11]

“And verily, it is Allah Who indeed is the Best of those who make provision.” [Surah Hajj: 58]

“and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.” [Surah Maaidah: 114]

The Name, Ar-Raaziq (The Provider), is found in the Prophetic Sunnah in the Sunan and the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad. On the authority of Anas bin Maalik, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said,

“Prices rose during the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), and his companions said:

‘O Messenger of Allah, prices have risen, so fix the prices for us.’

He said: ‘Indeed Allah is the Musa’ir,  the Qabid, (Restrainer) the Basit, the Raaziq (Provider). And I am hopeful that I meet my Lord and none of you are seeking (recompense from) me for an injustice involving blood or wealth.”

Allah is the All-Provider, meaning He is the One who provides for the slaves.

“And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah.” [Surah Hud:6]

“And so many a moving (living) creature there is, that carries not its own provision! Allah provides for it and for you.” [Surah ‘Ankabut: 60]

“And Allah gives provision to whom He wills without account.” [Surah Baqarah: 212]

“Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it].” [Surah Israa: 30]

There are numerous places in the Noble Qur’an where Allah mentions that He is the only One who provides for His slaves. He mentions this reminder in the Qur’an for two purposes:

The First:as a preference and test

The Second: to call us towards obedience, goodness, and perfection

Examples for the first is in His statement,

“And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made for you from your mates sons and grandchildren and has provided for you from the good things. Then in falsehood do they believe and in the favor of Allah they disbelieve?” [Surah Nahl: 72]

“And We have certainly honored the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference. [Surah Israa: 70]

As for examples for the second, we see that the Noble Qur’an is filled with many reminders for this. Allah reminds His slaves (that He is the One who provides) while at the same time enjoin upon them different types of obedience. From them are:

1. The establishment of Tawheed

“O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous. [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].” [Surah Baqarah: 21-22]

2. Negating Shirk

“Allah is the one who created you, then provided for you, then will cause you to die, and then will give you life. Are there any of your ‘partners’ who does anything of that? Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.” [Surah Rum: 40]

“O mankind, remember the favor of Allah upon you. Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the heaven and earth? There is no deity except Him, so how are you deluded?” [Surah Faatir: 3]

3. Spending for Allah’s cause

“O you who have believed, spend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a Day in which there is no exchange and no friendship and no intercession. And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers.” [Surah Baqarah: 254]

4. Being grateful

“O you who have believed, eat from the good things which We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is [indeed] Him that you worship.” [Surah Baqarah: 172]

5. Prohibiting killing children for the fear of poverty

“And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.” [Surah Israa: 31]

6. A result of having Taqwaa

“And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And (Allah) will provide for him from where he does not expect.” [Surah Talaaq: 2-3]

7. The reward of having faith and doing righteous deeds

“And those who have believed and done righteous deeds – for them is forgiveness and noble provision. [Surah Hajj: 50]

8. Dispraise of speaking about Allah without knowledge in regards to halal and haraam affairs

“Say, ‘Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah which He has produced for His servants and the good [lawful] things of provision?’” [Surah Araaf: 32]

“Say, ‘Have you seen what Allah has sent down to you of provision of which you have made [some] lawful and [some] unlawful?’ Say, ‘Has Allah permitted you [to do so], or do you invent [something] about Allah?’” [Surah Yunus: 59]

9. Encouragement to seek a halal provision

“He it is, Who has made the earth subservient to you (i.e. easy for you to walk, to live and to do agriculture on it, etc.), so walk in the path thereof and eat of His provision, and to Him will be the Resurrection.” [Surah Mulk: 15] and there are many other verses about this.

Provision of Allah for His slaves is of two types.

The First Type: His general provision and this is for the righteous, wicked, believer, disbeliever, the first and last of people.

“And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage.” [Surah Hud: 6]

This does not mean that Allah’s provision of wealth and children for the disbeliever is a means of Him being pleased with them. Verily Allah gives the worldly life to whomever He loves and to those He does not love. He said,

“And they say: ‘We are more in wealth and in children, and we are not going to be punished.’Say (O Muhammad): ‘Verily, my Lord enlarges the provision to whom He wills and restricts, but most men know not.’And it is not your wealth, nor your children that bring you nearer to Us (i.e. pleases Allâh), but only he who believes (in the Islâmic Monotheism), and does righteous deeds (will please us); as for such, there will be twofold reward for what they did, and they will reside in the high dwellings (Paradise) in peace and security.” [Surah Saba: 35-37]

“On – each these as well as those – We bestow from the Bounties of your Lord. And the Bounties of your Lord can never be forbidden.See how We prefer one above another (in this world) and verily, the Hereafter will be greater in degrees and greater in preference” [Surah Israa: 20-21]

So being given a lot from the worldly life is not a proof that the slave has status with Allah. Just as having little of the dunyaa is not an evidence that he is humiliated. Allah said,

“As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and bounties, then he says (in): ‘My Lord has honored me.’But when He tries him, by straitening his means of life, he says: ‘My Lord has humiliated me!’” [Surah Fajr: 15-16]

Meaning, not all ‘blessings’ in the worldly life is considered to be noble, and if someone were to be prevented from it then it is not an evidence that he was humiliated. Indeed, richness and poverty are tests from Allah in order to differentiate the thankful from the ungrateful and the patient from the hasty.

The Second Type:Specific provision and this is the provision and nutrition of the heart with knowledge, faith, and a halal sustenance.

These things which will aid one in their religion. This is specifically for the believer and depends on his status with Allah. He gives them what is necessary from His wisdom and mercy. From His blessings is that He allows them to enter Paradise on the Day of Judgement. He said,

“And whoever believes in Allah and does righteousness – He will admit him into gardens beneath which rivers flow to abide therein forever. Allah will have perfected for him a provision.” [Surah Talaaq: 11]

“This is a Reminder, and verily, for the pious and righteous persons – is a good final return (Paradise),‘Adn (Edn) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), whose doors will be opened for them.Therein they will recline; therein they will call for fruits in abundance and drinks; And beside them will be Qasirat-at-Tarf chaste females (wives) restraining their glances (desiring none except their husbands)], (and) of equal ages.This it is what you pious and righteous persons are promised for the Day of Reckoning!” [Surah Saad: 49-53]

Indeed Allah has warned His slaves from being busied with the temporary provisions from the worldly life and being heedless from the lasting provisions of the Hereafter. He said,

“Whatever you have will end, but what Allah has is lasting.” [Surah Nahl: 96]

“But you prefer the worldly life, Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting.” [Surah ‘Alaa: 16-17]

The intelligent one does not preoccupy himself with the provisions of worldly life. Rather, he he focuses on the purpose of his creation and that is to establish the worship of Allah and being sincere in the religion. Just as Allah said,

“And I (Allâh) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any provision from them (i.e. provision for themselves or for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e. feed themselves or My creatures).Verily, Allâh is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.” [Surah Dhariyaat: 56-58]

Rather Allah has made His provisions as a means of attaining His Pleasure and entering into the everlasting Gardens.

“(They will enter) ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which the Most Gracious (Allâh) has promised to His slaves in the unseen: Verily! His Promise must come to pass.They shall not hear therein (in Paradise) any Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk), but only Salâm (salutations of peace). And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and afternoon.Such is the Paradise which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our slaves who have been pious and righteous” [Surah Maryam: 61-63]

Translated by: Michael AbdusSalaam Deonarain

الفقير الى الله

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One thought on “Allah’s name ar-Razzaaq and ar-Raaziq الرزاق, الرازق -Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq

  1. Pingback: Allah’s name ar-Razzaaq and ar-Raaziq الرزاق, الرازق -Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq | Uzair ibn Nasser

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