- In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful
By Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen may Allah have mercy on him
The Shaykh mentions this point of benefit in his explanation of “Hilyatu Taalibil ‘ilm” under the chapter “Precautions: The things that nullify this Hilyah” on page 341. He was explaining the statement of Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd:
“O brother- may Allah save us from tripping up- if you have read the highlights from Hilyatu Taalibil ‘ilm and its etiquette, and have fallen into some of the nullifying affairs, then understand that the greatest things that destroy the organization of its alignment (in the same manner the alignment of beads on a necklace would be corrupted) are the following…”
In this article we will mention Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthyameen’s رحمه الله commentary on number 7: Jealousy.
Jealousy is from the mannerisms of the Yahood and the worst manners is jealousy.
Jealousy is wishing for a blessing of Allah to be removed from another. The envious person hopes poverty for the one Allah has bestowed with wealth, or forgetfulness and ignorance for one who has been endowed with knowledge, or the loss of one’s children, or barrenness of one’s wife – if Allah has bestowed them with children, and anything similar.
Shaykhul Islaam (Ibn Taymiyyah), may Allah have mercy on him, said:
“Jealousy is the hatred of Allah’s blessing on another” [Sicknesses of the Heart and its Cures: page 17, al-Istiqaamah: 2/245, and Majmu’ al-Fataawa: 10/111]
Meaning, he doesn’t hope for its disappearance, but he hates to see Allah’s favor upon this person with this (particular) blessing.
As for one wishing that Allah provides him with a similar blessing, then this isn’t jealousy. Rather this is from Ghibtah غِبْطَة in which the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم eluded to in his statement,
لا حسد إلا فى اثنتين
“Envy is permitted only in two cases…” [Bukhari and Muslim]
Jealousy, its disadvantages are many and reaches to 13:
1. It is from the major sins which is not expiated by way of Salah, fasting, charity, or any other (good) deed. Instead it requires tawbah (sincere repentance).
2. There is a severe punishment. It is narrated on behalf of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم – and it is weak – that he said:
إياكم والحسد، فإن الحسد يأكل الحسنات كما تأكل النار الحطب، أو قال: العشب
“Beware of envy because envy consumes (destroys) good deeds just as fire consumes firewood,” or he said “grass.” [Abu Dawud]
3. It is from the characteristics of the Yahood and who likes to be described with an attribute from the attributes of the Yahood?!
4. It contradicts brotherhood based on Imaan because the envious one desires Allah’s blessing to disappear from this servant, but the believer (on the other hand) loves for his brother what he loves for himself.
5. The absence of being pleased with Allah’s Qadaa (Divine Execution) and Qadar (Divine Will). If he was pleased with the Qadaa and Qadar he would say that this is from Allah’s Qadaa and it is good.
6. The envious, and Allah’s refuge is sought, every time he sees that Allah has conferred a blessing upon someone, he increases in sorrow and grief. Jealousy is a fire that scorches its companion.
7. The envious follows the footsteps of Shaytaan. Allah said,
يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَٲتِ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنِۚ
“O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Shaytaan…” [Surah an-Nur: 21]
8. Jealousy inherits animosity and resentment towards others.
9. Jealousy mostly leads to injustice/oppression over others. Adam’s son assaulted and killed his (own) brother out of jealousy.
10. There is disdain for Allah’s blessing; the envious does not recognize any of Allah’s blessings upon him. For this reason, you find those virtuous individuals – who Allah has favored with blessings not possessed by many – do not have the disease of jealousy. Jealously is only apparent within one who doesn’t see any of Allah’s blessings upon himself.
11. Jealously decreases Imaan (faith).
12. His heart is busied from Allah’s remembrance and in turn it causes the heart’s hardness. The envious one “tracks” Allah’s blessings. Every time a blessing (given to another) is mentioned, it is as if it has struck his face. He busies himself with that over remembrance of Allah and His worship.
13. He conceals Allah’s blessings to others and covers up their good qualities. Envious people do this. You find one of them, if someone they envy is mentioned with something good, they say, “This is correct. This is good. Maa shaa Allah, he is beneficial to the people.” But then right after that he mentions some faults (to keep him down).
If jealousy occurs between people of Dunya then perhaps they may be excused (due to their lack of knowledge). However it is not excused if it occurs between students of knowledge. Rather we say as Allah said,
أَمۡ يَحۡسُدُونَ ٱلنَّاسَ عَلَىٰ مَآ ءَاتَٮٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ مِن فَضۡلِهِۦۖ فَقَدۡ ءَاتَيۡنَآ ءَالَ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِكۡمَةَ
“Or do they envy men (Muhammad and his followers) for what Allah has given them of His Bounty? Then We had already given the family of Ibrahim the Book and Al-Hikmah (wisdom, and here it means the Sunnah)…” [Surah an-Nisaa: 54]
وَلَا تَتَمَنَّوۡاْ مَا فَضَّلَ ٱللَّهُ بِهِۦ بَعۡضَكُمۡ عَلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ۬ۚ لِّلرِّجَالِ نَصِيبٌ۬ مِّمَّا ٱڪۡتَسَبُواْۖ وَلِلنِّسَآءِ نَصِيبٌ۬ مِّمَّا ٱكۡتَسَبۡنَۚ وَسۡـَٔلُواْ ٱللَّهَ مِن فَضۡلِهِ
“And wish not for the things in which Allah has made some of you to excel others. For men there is reward for what they have earned, (and likewise) for women there is reward for what they have earned, and ask Allah of His Bounty…” [Surah an-Nisaa: 32]
Therefore ask Allah of His bounties…
Translated by: Abu Awzaa’ee Abdus-Salaam
الفقير الى الله