In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful
Foundation of innovation: Murji’ah (Part 5 of 5)
by Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan may Allah preserve him
The shaykh mentions this point of benefit in his explanation of “Sharhus Sunnah” under the 110th point:
The fourth foundational sect: The Murji’ah
They deny that actions are from faith, so (to them) man is a believer no matter what he does. Even if they leave off all good deeds they are still believers. There are of different sects as well.
They are the most severe and they say faith is in the heart. If one KNOWS that faith is in their heart then they are a believer even if they don’t believe.
They are the ones who say faith is a belief in the heart. Statements of the tongue and actions of the limbs do not enter into faith, but it is sufficient to only believe in the heart.
Third: The Karaamiyah
They say faith is a statement of the tongue and NOT a belief of the heart.
Fourth: Murji’ah Fuqahaa
They say faith is a belief in the heart along with the statement of the tongue, but it does not include action upon the limbs.
All of these four sects agree that actions are not from faith, but they differ in regards to belief in the heart and statements of the tongue.
So the Khawaarij are extreme in making actions a part of faith. They say whoever leaves off an action disbelieves. The Murji’ah are the opposite and are extreme in regards to denying actions and not considering them to be a part of faith. They say no one disbelieves no matter what action they leave off.
As for Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah, and all praises are due to Allah, Allah has guided them to the truth just as Allah said,
“And Allah guided those who believed to the truth concerning that over which they had differed, by His permission. And Allah guides whom He wills to a straight path.” (2:213)
They say that faith is a statement of the tongue, a belief in the heart, actions upon the limbs, it increases with obedience and decreases with disobedience.
Translated by: Michael AbdusSalaam Deonarain
الفقير الى الله