In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful
Is evil attributed to Allah?
By Shaykh Muhammad Naasir ad-Deen al-Albaani, may Allah have mercy on him
Question: How can we bring reconciliation between the hadith regarding the Article of Faith, belief in Qadr the good and bad of it, and the statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him), “Evil is not attributed to You (Allah)” [Haakim in at-Tafseer 2/395].
Answer: Evil is attributed to us and is not attributed to our Lord, the Most High. Because the actions of Allah, all of them, are good. Firstly, we need to remember that Allah has Mathalul ‘Alaa (The Highest Attributes). Secondly, we should remember the statement of Allah,
“…there is nothing like unto Him…” [Surah ash-Shuraa: 11]
From the Decree of Allah is that He is the Creator and all affairs are controlled by Him. All of His Attributes are perfect: His Power, Want, Justice, and Wisdom. So when we see evil occur, then this is as Allah says,
“That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.” [Surah Yaseen: 38]
The examples I want to give that will help us to understand this issue is, for example, when you see a doctor cutting off an organ from a sick person. If you didn’t know that he was a doctor and you saw this, then there is no doubt that you would think this was an evil action.
The same goes for a judge who punishes someone by hitting or whipping them. If you saw this, without knowing the situation, you would say that this was something evil. However, if you knew that the doctor was saving a persons’ life and the judge was hitting the man with due right, then your previous thoughts would change. You thought it was something evil at first but then realized it wasn’t something evil. So if this is in regards to creation, then what about the Creator which none can compare to?!
Source: al-Fataawa al-Muhimmah: Chapter of Aqeedah p. 71.
Translated by: Abu Awzaa’ee AbdusSalaam
الفقير الى الله