5 Manhaj points regarding the story of Ibn ‘Umar and the Qadariyyah

In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful

5 Manhaj points regarding the story of Ibn ‘Umar and the Qadariyyah

This benefit is extracted from the footnotes of the book “Fathu Dhi al-Jalaal wal Minnah Fee Sharh Usool as-Sunnah: Li Imaam Abu Bakr al-Humaydi” explained by Shaykh ‘Ubayd al-Jaabiree. The footnotes for this book was compiled by Hasan al-‘Iraaqee, and this benefit can be found under the chapter “al-Imaan bil Qadr”

Imaam Muslim collects in the Book of Imaan that:

It is narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Ya’mur that the first man who discussed qadr (Divine Decree) in Basra was Ma’bad al-Juhani. I (Yahya) along with Humaid b. ‘Abdur-Rahman Himyari set out for pilgrimage or for ‘Umrah and said:

“Should it so happen that we come into contact with one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) we shall ask him about what is talked about taqdir (Divine Decree). Accidentally we came across Abdullah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab, while he was entering the mosque. My companion and I surrounded him. One of us (stood) on his right and the other stood on his left. I expected that my companion would authorize me to speak. I therefore said:

‘Abu Abdur Rahman! There have appeared some people in our land who recite the Qur’an and pursue knowledge. And then after talking about their affairs, added: They (such people) claim that there is no such thing as Divine Decree and events are not predestined.’

He (Abdullah ibn Umar) said:

‘When you happen to meet such people tell them that I have nothing to do with them and they have nothing to do with me. And verily they are in no way responsible for my (belief).’

Abdullah ibn Umar swore by Him (the Lord) (and said): ‘If any one of them (who does not believe in the Divine Decree) had with him gold equal to the bulk of (the mountain) Uhud and spent it (in the way of Allah), Allah would not accept it unless he affirmed his faith in Divine Decree.’ He further said: ‘My father, Umar ibn al-Khattab, told me…(and then he went on to narrated the famous hadith of Jibreel.)'”

Beneficial Points In Manhaj Extracted From This Narration:
1.It is not permissible to remain silent when there is something opposing the methodology of the Messenger (peace be upon him) and his companions (may Allah be pleased with them all). Ibn Umar did not remain silent when this innovation occurred, rather he clarified and warned against it. This story corrects the methodology of those who remain silent when there are errors made during exhortations.
2.The obligation of returning to the scholars in times of fitna, especially when the fitna is regarding doubts in the deen. We see that the taabi’een returned to the scholars from the companions when the fitna of Qadr occurred.
3.Disassociating oneself from innovation, its people, and clarifying its harms. Just as ibn Umar said,

‘When you happen to meet such people tell them that I have nothing to do with them and they have nothing to do with me. And verily they are in no way responsible for my (belief).’
4.Refuting an innovation with the sunnah just as ibn Umar did when he used the hadith of Jibreel to refute this innovation in Qadr.
5.The severity of innovations and that it can lead its companion to the Fire, may Allah protect us all.
Translated by: Abu Awzaa’ee AbdusSalaam

الفقير الى الله

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One thought on “5 Manhaj points regarding the story of Ibn ‘Umar and the Qadariyyah

  1. Pingback: 5 Manhaj points regarding the story of Ibn ‘Umar and the Qadariyyah | Uzair ibn Nasser

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